in Pharmaceuticals and Toiletries
Neem fruits, seed oil, leaves, bark and roots have varied uses such as general
antiseptics, antimicrobials, treatment of urinary disorders, diarrhoea,
fever bronchitis, skin infections, septic sores infected burns, hypertension,
and inflammatory diseases.
Uses Of Neem
Almost every part of the Neem tree viz. roots, leaves, flowers, seeds, trunks
and branches has multiple uses. Neem is not only an excellent source of
pesticides, it also provides good fodder, fuel and timber. This makes Neem
tree a very potentially profitable.
Production and Utilization
Full grown neem trees yield between 10 to 100 tons of dried biomass/ha,
depending on rainfall, site characteristics, spacing, ecotype or genotype.
Leaves comprise about 50% of the biomass; fruits and wood constitute one-quarter
in Reforestation and Agroforestry
Neem is a very valuable forestry species in India and Africa and is also
becoming popular in Tropical America, the middle east countries and in Australia.
service rendered by Neem
Neem in Indian culture has been ranked higher than 'Kalpavriksha', the mythological
wish-fulfilling tree. In 'Sharh-e-Mufridat Al-Qanoon, neem has been named
as 'Shajar-e-Mubarak', 'the blessed tree', because of its highly beneficial
Names for Neem
Nimmi, Nimuri, Limbo
As Animal Feed
Neem leaves contain appreciable amount of protein, minerals and carotene
and adequate amount of trace minerals except zinc. These may be helpful
in alleviating the copper deficiency when feeding straw and dry fodder.
for Birth Control
It is widely recognised that unbridled and non-sustainable growth in human
population is one of the most serious problem facing most of the countries.
Rising population puts severe strain on the world's natural environment
and economical resources. To raise the standard of living of common people
in these countries, population control is generally considered as a matter
of vital importance.
Digestive system comprises of mouth, oesophagus, stomach, duodenum, liver, pancreas, gall bladder, small intestines and large intestines. Impairment in the physiological functions of any of these organs leads to digestive disorders
or centuries Neem has been used in India provide health cover to livestock in various forms. It has also very widely been used as animal feed. Ancient Sanskrit literature indicates that Neem applications were used by Nakul and Sahadeva in the epic of Mahabharata as well as afterwards in a large number of indigenous prescriptions and formulations.
Pest control, as practiced today in most developing countries relies mainly on the use of imported pesticides. This dependence has to be reduced. Although pesticides are generally profitable on direct crop returns basis, their use often leads to the contamination of terrestrial and aquatic environments, damage to beneficial insects and wild biota, accidental poisoning of humans and livestock, and the twin problems of pest resistance and resurgence.
Currently Neem is seen to have vast business potential. While commercial viability of Neem is not a totally new story as a lot of toothpastes, soaps, shampoos and cosmetics have used active principles and extracts of Neem for years in India. What is new is that modern packaging technique and technology is being incorporated for into product development sophisticated markets.
Neem plants, as do all other plants, contain several thousands of chemicals. Of special interest are terpenoids that are unique to Neem and some related members of this family. More than a hundred terpenoids are known from different parts of the Neem plant. Of its biological constituents, the most active and well studied compound is Azadirachtin.
Neem Products 1
Emulsion concentrate : 1 Ltr dilutable to 200 Ltrs. Non poisonous, safe in food storage areas, keeps cockroaches, rodents, insects, flies etc at bay. Effective against termites/wwod borers & most indoor pests. Mix 10 ml. With 2 ltrs. Of water for spraying.
Glow Neem is an all purpose nourishing cream for daily use. It contains antiseptic protection of neem, with Rose oil, Almond oil, Tulsi extract and Lodhra chaal extracts, Daily use ensures a smooth & fresh looking skin.
Indian Neem Names
Limda, Limbado, Leemgo, Danu-jhada, Kohalu limdo, Kohumba, Libado, Leemdo, Nimuri, Nim, Nimb, Bal-nimb. Neem, Nind, Karnataka Bevinamara, Bevu, Hebbevu, Kiri-bevu, Kai-bevu, Nimb.
Neem in Indian Life Style
To generations of Indians neem was known to provide protection from disease - therefore protecting and planting Neem was not only considered sacred duty - but it was encouraged by religious sanction. Brihat Samhita , an ancient Hindu treatise, contains a chapter of verses on plant medicine. It contains reccomendations for specific trees to be planted in the vicinity of one's house. Neem was highly reccommended. This can also be borne out by the widely held Hindu belief that one who plants three Neem trees lives after death in Suryalok (Sun World) for three Yugas (epochs) and never goes to hell.
In the past two decades, "green revolution technologies" have more than doubled the yield potential of rice and wheat, especially in Asia. These high-input production systems requiring massive quantities of fertilisers, pesticides, irrigation, and machines, however, disregard the ecological integrity of land, forests, and water resources, endanger the flora and fauna, and cannot be sustained over generations.
Indian farmers have traditionally used deoiled Neem cake as a fertilizer in their fields. The dual activity of Neem cake as fertilizer and pest repellent, has made it a favoured input.Neem leaves have also been used to enrich the soil. Together, they are widely used in India to fertilize cash crops.
Neem is bitter in taste. The bitterness is due to an array of complex compounds called "triterpenes" or more specifically "limonoids". Nearly 100 protolimonoids, limonoids or tetranortriterpenoids, pentanortriterpenoids, hexanortriterpenoids and some nonterpenoid constituents have been isolated form various parts of the Neem tree (Jones et al. 1989, Koul et al.,1990); still more are being isolated. The most important bioactive principal is azadirachtin; at least 10 other limonoids possess insect growth in regulating activity (Saxena 1989, Schmutterer 1990)
Indian farmers and medical practitioners have been using Neem's products for various purposes for centuries. Until very recently, the western world did not show any interest in the Neem tree and its properties.However given the popularity of herbs and herb-based products and a reaction against harmful chemicals, in the last few years, western company's interest in manufacturing Neem based products has grown phenominally.